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Research Details

Research Title Development of Package of Technology (POT) for Telosma procumbens (Blanco) Merr. (Kapas-kapas)
Studies:
Researcher(s) Lucricia Conchita Cocson; Lagrimas Flojo; Menisa Antonio
Research Category Project
Research Status completed
Duration Jun 01, 2010 to Dec 31, 2015 (5 years)
Commodity Vegetables
Research Site(s)
Source of Fund(s)
Abstract

Studies on propagation and cultural management of Telosma procumbens were conducted at the Plant Genetic Nursery and at experimental farm of the Mariano Marcos State University, City of Batac, Ilocos Norte. The studies aimed to determine the most effective rooting hormones/ solution using mature vine cuttings for the production of planting materials. Seeds were also sown and both were used in the field studies to determine   improved cultural management through fertilization, pruning, kind of planting material and planting dates that would enhance productivity and gives a reasonable economic return and thereby develop a POT in growing the crop domestically.

Results showed that dipping the basal ends of hard wood stem cuttings in Hormex at 10 ml per gallon of water or the locally available honey at 2% enhances rooting percentage and survival as it produced more and longer roots.

In field trials, four kilograms of organic fertilizer per plant incorporated into the soil in split application produced more fruits and eventually obtained the highest yield. This result proved that T. procumbens responded well in higher rates of OF. But, the application of 1kg MMSU OF + 8.3g urea + 8.3g 14-14-14  obtained considerably  the highest net income  of P 15,122.83 in a 1000 m2 area with the least breakeven point of P 23.68 per kg at a selling price of P50.00 per kg. In contrast, the control provided only P 2, 500 as net income. High amount of OF produced higher yield but lower profits due to its added production costs.

Rejuvenation or pruning after the last harvest (dormancy stage) allows the development of strong and sturdy stem that supports new growths, and also eradicate pests. A cutting height of 2 to 3 feet above the ground and the application of 2 kg MMSU OF per plant produced the highest economic yield and net income. Whether from seed or cuttings, both sources can be used as planting material but cuttings is more preferred as it is genetically identical to the mother plant. Transplanting is best before or during the rainy season. This allows the plant to establish   fruiting vines for the next season as this indigenous vegetable only flower and bear fruit once a year which commence on the first rains of May.